Dating india japanese affairs
The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area.The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions.The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun".Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands.The English word Japan possibly derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本.The Old Mandarin or possibly early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism.
In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters is used as a formal modern-day equivalent simply meaning "the State of Japan"; countries like Japan whose long form does not contain a descriptive designation are generally given a name appended by the character koku A Paleolithic culture around 30,000 BC constitutes the first known habitation of the Japanese archipelago.
This was followed from around 14,000 BC (the start of the Jōmon period) by a Mesolithic to Neolithic semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer culture, who include ancestors of both the contemporary Ainu people and Yamato people, Decorated clay vessels from this period are some of the oldest surviving examples of pottery in the world.
This marked the beginning of the Heian period (794–1185), during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged, noted for its art, poetry and prose.
Murasaki Shikibu's The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan's national anthem "Kimigayo" were written during this time.
The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.